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African American History : Phil Carter

Black Athletes, Sports, and Integration in West Virginia and Beyond

Ashe, Arthur R. A Hard Road to Glory: A History of the African-American Athlete, 1919-1945. New York: Warner Books, 1988.

———. A Hard Road to Glory: A History of the African-American Athlete, 1946-1986. New York: Warner Books, 1988.

Barnett, Bob. Hillside Fields: A History of Sports in West Virginia. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Press, 2013.

Barnett, Bob, Dana Brooks, and Ronald Althouse. The Black Athlete in West Virginia: High School and College Sports from 1900 Through the End of Segregation. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., 2020.

Chalk, Ocania. Black College Sport. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1976.

Henderson, Edwin Bancroft. The Black Athlete: Emergence and Arrival. New York: Publishers Co., 1969.

Martin, Charles H. Benching Jim Crow: The Rise and Fall of the Color Line in Southern College Sports, 1890-1980. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2010.

Paul, Joan, R. McClure, and H Fant. “The Arrival and Ascendance of Black Athletes in the Southeastern Conference, 1966-1980.” Phylon 45, no. 4 (December 1984): 284–97.

Reger, George M. “Integration and Athletics: Integrating the Marshall University Basketball Program, 1954-1969.” Thesis, Marshall University, 1996.

Wiggins, David K., and Patrick B. Miller. The Unlevel Playing Field: A Documentary History of the African American Experience in Sport. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2003.

Wiggins, David K., and Ryan Swanson. Separate Games: African American Sport Behind the Walls of Segregation. Fayetteville, AR: University of Arkansas Press, 2016.

Phil Carter in his own words (and in the word of others)

Thompson, Bruce A., "An appeal for racial justice : the Civic Interest Progressives' confrontation with Huntington, West Virginia and Marshall University, 1963-1965" (1986). Theses, Dissertations and Capstones. 1233.