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Additional Research Guides
Popular Citation Styles
There are a number of citation styles used in scholarly writing. Your assignment may specify which one you should use, or let you choose for yourself. If you're not sure, check with your professor. The most commonly used styles are:
- APA (American Psychological Association) - psychology. business, education, social sciences
- MLA (Modern Language Association) - English and the humanities
- Chicago or Turabian (University of Chicago Press) - history,humanities, social sciences
- CSE (Council of Science Editors) - biology [formerly known as CBE - Council of Biology Editors]
- ASA (American Sociology Association) - sociology
- APSA (American Political Science Association) - political science
There are comprehensive lists at the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) and Wikipedia. Also look at:
Citation Style Chart - Purdue OWL (PDF)
Side-by-side comparison of APA, MLA, and CMS styles. To find a specific example of a citation, use the search function (Command + F for Mac, Control + F for PC) and type in the type of example you need, e.g., "Book," "Three or More Authors," "Journal Article," etc. Chart created by Justin King Rademaekers.
The Complete Guide to Referencing and Avoiding Plagarism by This excellent new edition of The Complete Guide to Referencing and Avoiding Plagiarism will continue to demystify the referencing process and provide essential guidance on making sure you are not committing plagiarism.
Call Number: eBook
Publication Date: 2010
Cite Right. 2d ed. by
Call Number: Drinko Library 3 hr Reserve PN171.F56 L55 2011
Publication Date: 2011-05-15
No-nonsense advice on how to cite sources properly and avoid plagiarism when writing their research papers, This new edition has been updated to reflect the most current versions of Chicago, MLA, APA, and other styles, and to discuss citation methods in the rapidly changing context of the Internet, digital publishing, and e-books.
Why do we cite sources??
It is important to cite your sources for many reasons:
- To give credit to other researchers and acknowledge their ideas
- Help readers identify and locate the sources you used
- To demonstrate to the reader and your professor that you conducted research on a topic
- To avoid plagiarism!!
Barns, Bill, and Gene Ambaum. "Unshelved." Comic strip. Unshelved. April 16, 2012. Accessed August 31, 2017. www.unshelved.com
Links to Citation Generators
Citation generators create the citation for you.
CAUTION - generators are not magic, they require YOU to enter the title, author, publication info, etc into the form. Make sure to spell everything correctly and check the generated citation against a style guide to insure your citation is correctly formated.
Free generator maintained by the Heckman Library at Calvin College
Requires monthly subscription to generate citations in Chicago style
Free automated citation creator and bibliography generator.
NCSU Citation Builder
Free citation builder from NC State University
Free - store citations and generate bibliographies
Zotero add on for Firefox
Free - organize, cite and share your research sources