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How Do I: Do Legal Research?: Citation of statutes

How to search for legal cases and materials, without being a lawyer..

Citing statutes


Publication Abbreviation Example Read as
Public Law is enacted P. L. P. L. 106-380 106th Congress, Public Law number 380
Statutes at Large Stat. 114 Stat. 1447 Volume 114, Statutes at Large, page 1447
United States Code
United States Code Annotated
United States Code Service
20 U.S.C. §§ 2101, 2141-2143 (2012)
20 U.S.C.A. §§ 2101, 2141-2143 (West 2012)
20 U.S.C.S. §§ 2101, 2141-2143 (LexisNexis 2012)
Title 20, United States Code, sections 2101 and 2141-2143, 2012 edition
Publication Abbreviation Example Read as
Acts of the Legislature of West Virginia W. Va. Acts 2014 W. Va. Acts 146 Chapter 146, Acts, Regular Session, 2014
West Virgina Code
West Virginia Code Annotated (Michie)
W. Va. Code .
W. Va. Code Ann.
W. Va. Code § 6 - 7 - 1 (2014)
W. Va. Code Ann. § 6 - 7 - 1 (Michie 2014)
Section 6-7-1, West Virginia Code, 2014 edition

For full information on citing state legislation, see Rule 12 and Table 1.3 in The Bluebook

APA Style

Appendix 7.1 of the sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association gives guidance on referencing legal materials. Follow the Bluebook on abbreviations for the published source, state, etc., For in-text citations, give the popular or official name of the statute and the year of the act..