"the tendency to search for, interpret, favor, and recall information in a way that confirms one's beliefs or hypotheses, while giving disproportionately less consideration to alternative possibilities. Research suggests that this effect is stronger for emotionally charged debates or deeply entrenched convictions. When the evidence is ambiguous, people also tend to take that as supporting their existing position."
Confirmation Bias. (2019). In AllSides (Ed.), AllSides Red Blue Dictionary. AllSides LLC. Retrieved September 5, 2023, from https://search.credoreference.com/articles/Qm9va0FydGljbGU6NDg0MDMyNQ==.
Phillips, K., Roles, E., & Thomas, S. IF I APPLY: a New Recipe for Critical Source Evaluation. The Critical Thinking about Sources Cookbook. Association of College and Research Libraries, Chicago, IL. 2020.
Phillips, K., Roles, E., & Thomas, S. (2019). Navigating the Information Ecosystem: Getting Personal with Source Evaluation, IF I APPLY. In B. Steiz (Ed.) LOEX Annual Conference 2019. Minneapolis, MN. https://doi.org/10.26207/9z0c-7955
Burkholder, J. M., & Phillips, K. 2022. Breaking down bias: A practical framework for the systematic evaluation of source bias. Journal of Information Literacy, 16(2), pp. 53–68. http://dx.doi.org/10.11645/16.2.3100
Eryn Roles, Research and Instruction Librarian,
College of Liberal Arts, Fine Arts, and Honors College Library Partner
Marshall University, email@example.com
Kathleen Phillips, Nursing & Allied Health Liaison Librarian,
Nursing, Health Policy & Administration,
Consortium to Combat Substance Abuse,
Penn State University,
Dr. Sabrina Thomas, Director of HPU Library and Learning Commons
Hawai'i Pacific University