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African-American music that originated in the work songs and Negro spirituals of the rural American South in the late 19th century.
Traditional music, especially from rural areas, which is passed on by listening and repeating, and is usually performed by amateurs.
An eclectic, expanding collection of 20th century styles, principally instrumental and of black American creation.
A religious folk song of American origin, particularly associated with African-American Protestants of the southern United States.
Gospel Music: Topic
American religious musical form that owes much of its origin to the Christian conversion of West Africans enslaved in the American South.
Carter Family: Topic
Perhaps the most influential group in the history of country music, they helped to bring folk and country into America's cultural mainstream.
Hutchinson Family: Topic
US singing group. In 1841 Jesse (1813-1853) became the musical director and manager of a quartet made up of four of his siblings: (Adoniram) Judson (1817-1859), John (1821-1908), Asa (1823-1884), and Abby (1829-1892).
Woody Guthrie (1912-1967): Topic
From Encyclopedia of Activism and Social Justice
Woody Guthrie was an influential song-writer, the musical voice of the working class and political left, championing labor unions, peace, antifascism, civil liberties, and much more. Guthrie pursued his idiosyncratic fusion of Marxism and Protestantism. In particular, “This Land Is Your Land” would become the unofficial national anthem by the 1960s.
Big Band Musicians
Cab Calloway (1907-1994): Topic
US band leader, singer, and actor. He was a pioneer of scat singing with his catch phrase ‘Hi-de-ho’, used in his theme song ‘Minnie the Moocher’ (1931).
Tommy Dorsey (1905-1956): Topic
Musician, born in Shenandoah, Pennsylvania, USA. He was a Swing Era bandleader who began with local dance bands in Scranton, PA.
Jazz and Blues Musicians
Louis Armstrong (1901 - 1971): Topic
Jazz trumpeter and singer, born in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. His melodic inventiveness, expressed with uninhibited tone and range on the trumpet, established the central role of the improvising soloist in jazz.
Miles Davis (1926 - 1991): Topic
Jazz trumpeter, born in Alton, Illinois, USA. During 1949–69, he was at the forefront of jazz, developing or advancing several significant and contrasting styles and trends, all of which highlighted his intensely personal sensibilities.
"Dizzy" Gillespie (1917 - 1993): Topic
Jazz trumpeter and composer, born in Cheraw, South Carolina, USA. He worked in prominent swing bands (1937–44), including those of Benny Carter and Charlie Barnet.
Billie Holiday (1915 - 1959): Topic
Billie Holiday is considered one of the greatest jazz singers of all time. Her inimitable phrasing – singing slightly behind the beat – gave her songs an air of wistfulness that was purely instinctive, for she had no training or technical knowledge.
Thelonius Monk (1917 - 1982): Topic
Jazz musician, born in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, USA. One of the key innovators of modern jazz.
Charlie Parker (1920 - 1955): Topic
Jazz musician, born in Kansas City, Kansas, USA.
Oscar Peterson (1925 - 2007): Topic
Jazz pianist and composer, born in Montreal, Quebec, SE Canada.
Maxwell Roach (1924 - 2007): Topic
A protean figure of modern jazz, drummer Roach came to prominence in the forties, accompanying bebop founder Charlie Parker.
Muddy Waters (1915 - 1983): Topic
Musician, born in Rolling Fork, Mississippi, USA. One of the last of the great country blues singers and a primary innovator of modern Chicago blues.